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Discrimination (Article 1) Policy Measures (Article 2) Guarantee of Basic Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Article 3) Special Measures (Article 4) Sex Role Stereotyping and Prejudice (Article 5) Prostitution (Article 6) PART II Political and Public Life (Article 7) Representation (Article 8) Nationality (Article 9) PART III Education (Article 10) Employment (Article 11 ) Health (Article 12) Economic and Social Benefits (Article 13) Rural Women (Article 14) PART IV Law (Article 15) Marriage and Family Life (Article 16) PART V Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (Article 17) National Reports (Article 18) Rules of Procedure (Article 19) Committee Meetings (Article 20) Committee Reports (Article 21) Role of Specialized Agencies (Article 22) PART Vl Effect on Other Treaties (Article 23) Commitment of States Parties (Article 24) Administration of the Convention (Articles 25-30)On 18 December 1979, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly.
It entered into force as an international treaty on 3 September 1981 after the twentieth country had ratified it.
The present document spells out the meaning of equality and how it can be achieved.
In so doing, the Convention establishes not only an international bill of rights for women, but also an agenda for action by countries to guarantee the enjoyment of those rights.
These efforts for the advancement of women have resulted in several declarations and conventions, of which the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women is the central and most comprehensive document.
The preamble sets the tone by stating that "the role of women in procreation should not be a basis for discrimination".
The link between discrimination and women's reproductive role is a matter of recurrent concern in the Convention.
Concern over the basic rights of political participation has not diminished since the adoption of the Convention on the Political Rights of Women in 1952.
Its provisions, therefore, are restated in article 7 of the present document, whereby women are guaranteed the rights to vote, to hold public office and to exercise public functions.